Textured Walls India: Different types of wall textures

Walls are no longer architectural elements that just support the roof or enclose the space – they have become design elements that enhance the space or are showcased as accents. Wall texturing is one among the many options when it comes to dressing up your walls. There are various types of wall textures, applicable to dry wall as well as plastered walls. Here are some interesting wall textures using paints….

  • Crackling is a technique wherein crackle medium and paint is used to get a crackled effect on the walls. A base coat of paint is applied on the wall using brush and/or roller. Once the base coat dries the crackle medium (it has the consistency of paint and is a clear medium) is rolled/brushed on top. Follow the instructions with regard to the waiting period and then roll on the second coat of paint. As the paint dries, cracks will appear on the surface, creating a beautiful crackled texture. Using a contrasting shade for the base coat will let it show through the cracks. Effects mimicking alligator skin etc can be achieved with crackling. Adding highlights to the surface and buffing will give more depth and dimension to the look. The size of the cracks will vary with respect to the tool used for the application of the medium – application with paint brush will result in bigger cracks and with a sea sponge will result in fine hair line cracks.
  • Sponging creates interesting wall textures and in this method paint is sponged on/off the surface of the wall with a sea sponge. You may even create your own sponging tool by cutting out patterns in artificial sponges. Sponging on denotes applying paint on the wall with a sponge loaded with paint. Sponging off denotes rolling the paint onto the surface and then working on it with a damp sponge, thereby unloading the paint and creating patterns with the sponge. In both the methods working quickly and deftly, all the while moving your wrist in a random style is important to avoid lap lines. Keeping the paint pliable with the help of a medium is useful and prevents blotching. The beauty of this wall texture lies in layering – repeat the process using different shades of a colour or mix and match colours to create stunning effects. Cleaning the sponges in between as well as unloading excess paint in between is essential.
  • Combing is a wall texturing technique done with combing tools that are available in various sizes. First a base coat of paint is applied and when it dries a top coat of glaze or paint in another colour/shade or even the same colour is rolled on. The combing tool is then dragged from top to bottom or left to right – the stroke should be firm. Various effects can be achieved by combing – striations, swirls, basket weave, interlocking curved combing etc. Using different types of paints will give different effects. Working quickly and deftly before the paint starts to dry is extremely important to get the desired results. Keep unloading the paint onto a clean rag as you go along.
  • Ragging is a wall texturing method wherein clean lint free cotton rags are used to work the paint on the wall surface to create beautiful textures.
  • Dragging is a method where striations are created by dragging the paint brush deftly from top to bottom. Linen effect can be achieved with this method.
  • Colour washing is yet another wall texturing method using brushes/rollers and lint free cotton rags.
  • Stippling is done with different types of stippling tools, like hard bristled brushes etc. A coat of base colour is first applied on the wall and once it dries a top coat is applied. When this coat of paint is somewhat semi-dry, the stippling tool is used to knock down all over to get the stippled marks. Alternately, the stippling brush may be loaded with a thin coat of paint and worked all over the wall, knocking down to leave the marks. Re-load the brush/tool with paint now and then, working all over the surface. Creating a layered effect with paints of different colours/shades using this method gives a beautiful effect.
  • There are some beautiful wall textures that are executed with the help of tools like spatulas, knives, brushes and even rollers. Roller meshing can be done with a dual roller or double rollers loaded with different coloured paints.
  • Splattering is a wall texturing method where a base coat is applied and left to dry. Then paint in another colour is loaded onto a brush, the brush held away from the wall and using a tool or your fingers to run through the bristles of the brush, paint is splattered onto the wall. The spots of paint splattered onto the wall will give it a mosaic like look. You may repeat the procedure with a different coloured paint.
  • Stenciling is an interesting method to add depth and dimension to your walls. Various stenciling tools are available to aid you.

There are many more interesting wall textures – the ones listed above will whet your appetite and make you eager to savour the rest!!



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